Oju local government area was created in 1976 and shares boundary with Obi, Ado, Konshisha and Gwer East local government areas of Benue State, Ebonyi and Izzi local government areas of Ebonyi State and Yala local government area of Cross River State. In the March 2006 census, Oju local government area had a population of 168,491 and was projected to be 227,400 in 2016.
The local government area has two of the 22 Idoma districts; Oju and Uwokwu with its headquarters in Oju town, where there is a College of Education.
Oju local government area is home to rich deposits of bauxite and limestone and the people who speak Igede language, are known for production of yams, cassava, rice, maize, groundnut, guinea corn and soybeans. Pottery and carving is also popular in the area.