Okpokwu local government area was created in 1976 and takes its name from the Okpokwu stream. The local government area has three of the 22 Idoma districts; Okpoga, Edumoga and Ichama with Okpoga as the headquarters. In the March 2006 population census, Okpokwu local government area had a population of 175,596 and was projected to be 237,000 in 2016.
The local government area shares boundary with Otukpo, Ohimini, Ogbadibo and Ado local government areas of Benue State; Olamaboro local government area of Kogi State and Isi-Uzo local government area of Enugu State.
The people of the area speak a dialect of Idoma and are predominantly farmers with citrus fruits, maize, cassava, maize and groundnuts the main produce from the area. The area is also popular for the quality of garri produced in the local government area.
The biggest town in Okpokwu local government area is Ugbokolo, which is home to Benue State Polytechnic, the first higher institution in Idoma Land. Other towns in the local government area include Eke-Nobi, Eke-Olengbecho, Eke-Agide, Oji, Ella, Amejo and Okonobo.